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Samsung, TSMC, and Intel Compete in the Race for 2nm Chips

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Tech giants within the semiconductor division are striving to become the first to produce so-called 2 nm (nanometer) processor chips. The next generation of smartphones, data centers, and artificial intelligence (AI) systems will tend to power up with these chips. Experts among the industries anticipate that most likely TSMC will continue to rule the world in the semiconductor division. However, other prominent titans like Samsung Electronics and Intel see an opportunity to catch up with the next big development in this area.

If you look into it, for many years, semiconductor manufacturers have been working to create ever smaller devices. Rather than referring to a semiconductor’s actual physical size, words like “2 nanometer” and “3 nanometer” are now frequently used as shorthand for each successive generation of chips. Based upon the size of the transistor on the device, reduced energy usage and increased speed vary. A corporation with a technological advantage in the upcoming generation of sophisticated semiconductors would have a strong advantage over its competitors in an industry that generated sales of chips worth $500 billion globally last year.

Qualcomm Chooses TSMC over Samsung for Snapdragon 8 Gen 4 3nm N3E Production

Due to an increasing demand for the data center chips that underpin generative AI services, that is anticipated to expand even more. As per two sources with direct knowledge of the negotiations, TSMC, which controls the majority of the global processor industry, has already disclosed the process test findings for its N2 or 2 nanometer prototypes to several of its large clients, including Apple and Nvidia. And by the end of the year, Intel, the former leader in the industry, promises to start shifting its next generation of processors. While questions still surround the effectiveness of the US company’s products, that may put it back ahead of its Asian competitors.

Launching the mobile version first, TSMC usually targets Apple as its primary customer. The company has stated that the mass manufacturing of N2 chips will start in 2025. High-performance computer processors intended for larger power demands will follow, followed by versions for PCs. The iPhone 15 Pro and Pro Max, which debuted in September of this year, are the newest flagship smartphones from Apple, and they are the first mass-market handsets to use innovative 3 nm semiconductor technology.

Samsung’s 3nm and 4nm Chip Processes on Track for Late 2024 Mass Production

The transition from one generation or node of process technology to the next becomes more difficult as chips become thinner, increasing the risk of a mistake that might cause TSMC to lose its dominant position. Experts emphasize that mass manufacturing will not be happening for another two years and that teething issues are a normal aspect of the chip-making process. Samsung led the way in both the introduction of mass manufacturing of its 3nm or SF3 chips and the adoption of the revolutionary “Gate-All-Around” (GAA) transistor design.

Two individuals with knowledge of the matter claim that US chipmaker Qualcomm intends to include Samsung’s SF2 chip into its upcoming high-end smartphone CPUs. The Korean company maintains that it has enhanced its yield rates to 3 nanometers. However, Samsung claims that the company’s simplest 3nm chip yield rate is just 60%, significantly below customer expectations and probably going to decline even more when creating more complicated devices, such as Nvidia’s GPUs or Apple’s A17 Pro.

Statements from experts:

The fact that Samsung’s chip design and smartphone divisions were direct rivals of the potential buyers of the logic chips made in its foundry business was another factor that hurt the company, says Lee Jong-hwan, a professor of system semiconductor engineering at Sangmyung University in Seoul.

Chip design companies can receive free test production from Intel, the company that used to lead the industry, while it is marketing its generation 18A node at technology conferences. It may become the first shipmaker to switch to the next generation when the US corporation announces that it will start producing 18A in late 2024.

However, the CEO of TSMC, CC Wei, doesn’t seem to have faced October; he stated that the Taiwanese company’s internal evaluation of its most recent 3 nanometer version.

“Samsung tries to do these quantum leaps,” said Dylan Patel, chief analyst at research firm SemiAnalysis. “They can claim all they want, but they still have not released a proper 3-nanometer chip.”

Thanks to “Financial Times


Aastha is a Author of Samlover.com. With a degree in Engineering with IT, Aastha is deeply immersed in the realm of technology. Specializing in Android and Hardware. She is Passionate about technology at the service of digital entertainment that can be used through any platform. Music, movies and video games have always taken up a good part of his free time, but he doesn't give up outdoor activities, from simple walks to cycling and skiing. He has been producing editorial content for SamLover since 2022 and has run a computer and telephony store for 3 decades.

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Samsung Galaxy S25’s advanced AI novelties could boost its price

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Samsung Galaxy S24 Ultra Brightness & Adaptive Color Tone

Samsung started working on the Galaxy S25 series, which is supposed to be launched early next year. This forthcoming device is expected to be priced higher as compared to its predecessor. 

Samsung will expand its high-end S series by introducing a next-gen smartphone series named the Galaxy S25. It’s too early to discuss the Galaxy S25, but leaks and rumors are doing their jobs by offering more details about the upcoming Galaxy S25. This upcoming device is expected to cost more than the current S-series devices. 

The reason behind this report appears to be that a Galaxy S25 will be more expensive than a Galaxy S24 due to its higher manufacturing costs. The US chip designer Qualcomm could push the upcoming Snapdragon 8 Gen 4 into production in the second half of the year. This latest chipset is expected to boost AI processing. 

Snapdragon 8 Gen 4 will be a truly advanced chip, but its high-end tech advancements might lead to higher costs, which could translate into a price hike for the upcoming Galaxy S25. The report suggested that, according to a recent prediction from industry watcher Ming-Chi Kuo, Qualcomm might increase the cost of the Snapdragon 8 Gen 4 by 25–30% compared to the Gen 3 solution. 

The Snapdragon 8 Gen 4 will be manufactured on the 3nm N3E process by TSMC; it’s the same technique used to build Apple’s A18 Pro chip. This shift will supposedly cause the Snapdragon 8 Gen 4 to be 25–30% more expensive than its predecessor. Snapdragon 8 Gen 3 costs around $190–$200; by this metric, the upcoming Snapdragon 8 Gen 4 might cost $260. 

However, Samsung could deal with the higher expenses of the Snapdragon 8 Gen 4 for the Galaxy S25 by absorbing the cost or reducing the quality in other areas, such as the battery or display, but this could be risky, such as switching to its in-house Exynos 2500 chip. The upcoming chipset will be fabricated from TSMC’s most advanced process and should bring performance gains to the CPU, GPU, and NPU (AI processing).

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Firmware

Samsung Galaxy S21 series is receiving June 2024 security update in Europe 

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We are in the middle of the month, and Samsung is rolling out this month’s June 2024 security patch for Galaxy S21 smartphones in the European market. 

Samsung Galaxy S21 series, which includes three models – Galaxy S21, Galaxy S21+, and Galaxy S21 Ultra, is receiving a new June 2024 security patch in Europe. The brand has already rolled out this update for the Galaxy S21 smartphone in the US on the Verizon network. The update for the European market has arrived with its specific firmware version, as mentioned here – 

  • Galaxy S21 – G991BXXSBGXED
  • Galaxy S21+ – G996BXXSBGXED
  • Galaxy S21 Ultra – G998BXXSBGXED

Samsung’s June 2024 security update fixed all the bugs and known issues that were housed in the previous version and were creating some inconvenience while performing a few functions. Since all the bugs were fixed with the update, it will surely enhance the overall system software. 

The June 2024 security patch fixes 59 security vulnerabilities to upgrade the security and privacy of the device. It also boosts the overall system performance, security, reliability, and stability of the device to deliver a seamless and flawless performance. 

The Galaxy S21 users currently receding in Europe are eligible to download the update. Interested users can easily download the update by just following simple steps – Go to Settings >> Software Update >> Download and install.   

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Firmware

Samsung released June 2024 security patch for Galaxy Fold 5, Flip 5, Fold 4, Flip 4, Fold 3 & Flip 3 

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The Korean brand Samsung is releasing a June 2024 security patch for several Galaxy foldable devices. 

A bunch of Galaxy foldable devices include Galaxy Z Fold 5, Galaxy Z Flip 5, Galaxy Z Fold 4, Galaxy Z Flip 4, Galaxy Z Fold 3, and Galaxy Z Flip 3. All of these devices are receiving the update in the US on the Verizon network. Each of the devices getting this new update with their identification firmware version as mentioned below –

  • Galaxy Z Fold 5 – F946USQS3CXE9
  • Galaxy Z Flip 5 – F731USQS3CXE9
  • Galaxy Z Fold 4 – F936USQS5FXF1
  • Galaxy Z Flip 4 – F721USQS5FXF1
  • Galaxy Z Fold 3 – F926USQS6IXF2
  • Galaxy Z Flip 3 – F711USQS7IXF2 

Samsung has already released the June 2024 security patch for several devices. However, this update does not bring any significant upgrades or notable changes; it fixes all the bugs and known issues. The update fixes all the security vulnerabilities, which will enhance the overall security and privacy of these devices. 

The update brings approximately 60 patches to fix multiple vulnerabilities. More particularly, Google has offered 37 patches to be applied to the Android OS. This June 2024 security patch boosts the stability, reliability, and overall system software of the devices mentioned above. 

If you own any of the devices mentioned above, you can easily download this latest security patch in three steps: Go to Settings >> Software Update >> Download and install.

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